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Atheism vs. Theism
Not Theories, Unsubstantiated Hypotheses 4
"Atheism/Theism" vs. "Science, the Bible, & Creation"
Introduction and Charges
1, Deduction and Induction
2, Question 1
2, Questions 2 and 3
2, Summary and Question 4
3 and 4, Definitions
Acting as Mechanisms, Article 1
Acting as Mechanisms, Article 2
Acting as Mechanisms, Article 3
Razor and Conclusions
2 and 3
Theories, Unsubstantiated Hypotheses 1
Theories, Unsubstantiated Hypotheses 2
Theories, Unsubstantiated Hypotheses 3
Theories, Unsubstantiated Hypotheses 4
Life on Earth Imported from Outer Space
Circle of Reasons
God a White Crow?
16) "If there were lipidlike molecules on the early Earth,"
says Deamer, "there must have been membranes that would have
predated life. They would have been just hanging around there
as little bubbles until something came along to inhabit them."
These bubbles might have engulfed early molecules that had
the crude ability to replicate. The liposomes would thus be
able to protect them from their harsh surroundings and concentrate
them so that they could react (and evolve) quickly and efficiently.
- Discover article
NOTE: Although it remains an "if" whether or not lipidlike
molecules were around on the early earth, the author concludes
that if they were, they would have functioned as membranes
protecting early cells.
17) When he returned to Davis, Deamer pursued the "membrane
first" hypothesis, experimenting with mixtures of three compounds
researchers believed existed on the early Earth: fatty acids,
glycerol, and phosphates. - Discover article
NOTE: Speculation of what compounds may or may not
have existed on early earth form the basis of these experiments.
18) It seemed reasonable to think that these pools could
have been the cradle for genetic molecules, and it was likely
that liposomes would have sloshed into the pools as well.
"All this organic stuff is accumulating on early beaches,"
Deamer says, "and the sun is heating and drying it, and lots
of natural experiments are taking place that I'm trying to
re-create in the laboratory." - Discover article
NOTE: The first sentence is phrased in such a way as
to clearly indicate the speculative nature of the comment.
Despite this, the second sentence conveys a sort of narrative
certainty for these events.
19) One substance they have isolated is nonanoic acid,
a chain of nine carbons, and they've managed to form membranes
with it. Yet their membranes fall apart sooner than the ones
formed from Deamer's original stew, which suggests that the
true membrane formers are probably still hidden. - Discover
NOTE: This statement demonstrates the failure of the
compounds mentioned to form a sufficient membrane. Thus, the
researchers are still left without any idea what their speculative
early membranes could have been formed from. Despite this,
they remain confident that some form of primitive membranes
must have been available.
20) PAHs are unpleasant stuff--you can find them coming
out of almost any tailpipe--but they may have made life possible
on early Earth. - Discover article
21) It's possible, Deamer thinks, that in a similar manner
PAHs could have supplied energy to early cells. - Discover
NOTE: Concerning what may have provided energy for
the hypothetical proto-cells, the author can only offer speculations
about PAH's, both in regard to their availability and their
capacity to fill this need.
As can amply be seen from the quotes above, the modern scientific
view that life originated from unintelligent forces is mostly
unfounded speculation. And the confidence that modern scientists,
Atheists, and Agnostics have in this winding, ever-growing
stack of untested hypothetical speculations is likewise completely
unfounded. In fact, as these quotations show from the scientific
community's own words and language, the strength of the "life
from unintelligent forces" hypothesis is mainly derived from
the presumed and prejudicial prohibition of the hypothesis
that life came from intelligent agency.
When taken together with our article on, "Atheism's
Circle of Reason," the above quotes serve to confirm that
the modern scientific view on the origin of life begins with
the assumption that life can come from unintelligent causes
and concludes the same without any empirical support. In between
their initial presumption and their circular conclusion is
just a string of unsubstantiated hypotheses.
The Beginnings of Life on Earth
by Christian de Duve
By Carl Zimmer