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Particulars of Christianity:
314 End Times Prophecy (Eschatology)


Angels in the End Times - Part 4

Angels in the End Times - Part 1
Angels in the End Times - Part 2
Angels in the End Times - Part 3
Angels in the End Times - Part 4




Conclusions about Death and Hell

Death and Hell -
1. Death and Hell are described as persons or beings (Job 28:22, Isaiah 28:15, 18, Romans 5:14, 17, 6:9, 1 Corinthians 15:26, Revelation 6:8, 9:6, 20:14). In addition the Hebrew word for Death (maveth 4194) includes the idea of Death as a person in its definitions. Likewise, the Greek word for Death was also used by the Greek culture to refer to the god of Death, Thanatos (2288). And the Greek word for Hell is the name of the Greek god of the realm of the dead, Hades (86). 2. Death and Hell are angelic adversaries or enemies (1 Corinthians 15:26, Matthew 13:39, Revelation 20:14, Matthew 25:41, Daniel 8:12-13, 20-21, Luke 4:5-6, Job 1:12, Job 2:6, 2 Corinthians 4:4, Ephesians 2:2, Revelation 13:2, 1 Corinthians 2:6, Ephesians 1:20, Ephesians 3:10, Ephesians 6:12, Colossians 1:16, Colossians 2:15, Romans 5:14, 17, Romans 6:9). 3. Death and Hell are coupled together and singled out for identification among the angelic adversaries (Job 28:22, Isaiah 28:15, 18, 1 Corinthians 15:55, Revelation 6:8, 20:14).

Death -
1. Death is the satanic angel who has dominion over death (Romans 5:14, 17, Romans 6:9, see also Strong's #2288).
2. Death is an enemy (1 Corinthians 15:26, see Strong's #2190)
3. Death is the last of the angelic enemies to be destroyed (Strong's 2673) put down, or made subject to Christ (1 Corinthians 15:26).
4. Death is said to precede Hell (Revelation 6:8)

Hell -
1. Hell is referred to alternately by the Hebrew words for destruction, or place of destruction (abaddon - #11) and as the place of the dead (sheol - #7585) and is identified by either term (see definitions and Psalm 88:11 where abaddon is used to refer to the place of the dead).
2. Hell is the satanic angel who has dominion over the place of the dead, over hell (see Strong's definitions for the Hebrews words #11 and #7585 and the Greek word #86).
3. Hell is said to follow Death (Revelation 6:8).


Identification of Death and Hell

Well, in case anyone can't see where this is headed, we've finally arrived at the last stage of this investigation. That is, the Devil and Abaddon, the seventh and sixth adversarial angelic kings, ARE the angels referred to elsewhere in the Bible as Death and Hell. The Devil being Death and Abaddon being Hell. Since we have taken so much time to cover these angels in depth separately we can now demonstrate their correspondence simply by comparing the Biblical depictions of Death and Hell with those of the Devil and Abaddon. As we do, the parallels will become apparent, if they aren't already.


Both Death and Hell and the Devil and Abaddon -

1. Are paired together and specifically identified among the angelic adversaries (Job 28:22, Isaiah 28:15, 18, 1 Corinthians 15:55 (Hosea 13:14), Revelation 6:8, 20:14, Revelation 9:1-11, Revelation 17:8-11).

Hell -
1. Both Hell and Abaddon are identified by the Hebrews word Abaddon (Strong's #11).
2. Both Hell and Abaddon are identified with destruction or as a destroyer since the Hebrew word Abaddon means destruction and the Greek word Apollyon means destroyer or destruction.
3. Both Hell and Abaddon are paired with Death (the Devil) (Job 28:22, Isaiah 28:15, 28, 1 Cor. 15:55, Revelation 6:8, Revelation 20:14).
4. Both Hell and Abaddon follow Death (the Devil) (Revelation 6:8, Revelation 9:1-11, Revelation 17:10).
5. Both Hell and Abaddon are identified as the angel who has dominion over hell, the place of the dead (see Revelation 9:11 as well as the Hebrew and Greek definitions for Sheol, Abaddon, and Hades).

Death -
1. Both Death and the Devil are identified as the angel who has dominion over death (see the Hebrew definition of "maveth" #4194 and the Greek concept of "thanatos" #2288, as the god of the dead.)

Before we move on to the additional correspondences between Death and the Devil we must cover Hebrews 2:14 in order to add some final, conclusive support to point #1 (under Death) above.

Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy (2673) him that had the power 2904 of death 2288, that is, the devil 1228;

This passage in Hebrews solidifies that Death and the Devil, the chief adversary are the same person for two reasons. First, the Devil is clearly identified as that angel, which has the power of death (dominion over death). Second, the word for "destroy," used here to tell us that Jesus will destroy the devil is the same word used in 1 Corinthians 15:26 to tell us that Death will be the last enemy to be destroyed. This brings us to our next point of correspondence.

2. Both Death and the Devil are the last of the angelic enemy to be bound in the bottomless pit, made subject to Jesus, and ultimately destroyed (1 Corinthians 15:26, Revelation 12:7-14, Revelation 17:10, Revelation 20:1-3, 7-10).

3.
Both Death and the Devil precede the coming of Hell (Abaddon). (Revelation 6:8, 2 Thessalonians 2:9, Revelation 9:1-11, Revelation 17:10).

4.
Both Death and the Devil have held dominion over the world and man (Romans 5:14, 17, Romans 6:9, Luke 4:5-6, 2 Corinthians 4:4, Revelation 13:2, 4, 5).


CONCLUSIONS

Before we conclude this study it is necessary to again state the disclaimer we made at the beginning. None of the names that we have applied or that the Bible has provided for either of these two angelic figures can be considered to be their actual name. This is because a multiplicity of names is applied to each and so it is impossible to distinguish, which of the given names would be the actual name of either angel. Second, the nature of the names that are provided, the number of names provided, and the meaning of those names all indicate that these terms are only titles or descriptions of those angels.

So, what have we learned from this study. First, we learned that the angelic adversarial forces are lead by one chief angelic adversary, who we can refer to by several titles. Throughout this study we have referred to this angel as the Devil, in order to distinguish him from other adversarial angels, but he is also known as Satan, the Dragon, the Serpent, Death, and Thanatos. (Some of these terms can be used to refer to the entire adversarial angelic kingdom as well.)

This chief adversary has been granted authority over the (Gentile) kingdoms of the world until the coming of the kingdom of God, which will be ruled by Jesus Christ. He has the power of death. This angel will remain in heaven until 42 months before the coming of the kingdom of God and will then be cast out and come down to the earth along with all of the angels who are allied with him. Upon being cast down to earth he will quickly act to release the sixth angelic king who has been held in the bottomless pit. He will reign over and work through the False Prophet and his empire in order to deceive the people of the world. He will be bound in the bottomless pit for 1000 years during the kingdom of God after, which he will be released again for a short time. After his release at the end of the 1000-year reign of Christ he will be cast into the lake of fire, the second death, along with his second in command, the sixth angelic king referred to as Abaddon.

Second, we learned that this top angelic adversary (the Devil) has under him six other top ranking angels, who along with him, are seven angelic kings who rule over seven empires of man and who are the chief leaders of the satanic forces. Each of the other six angelic kings was granted authority to rule by the Devil from the authority he has over the world. This is why the red dragon of Revelation 12 is depicted as having seven heads.

Third, we learned that the sixth angelic king is perhaps the second in command of the angelic adversarial forces in that he is often paired with the Devil. This angel was the angelic prince who presided over the Roman Empire. He is known by the names Abaddon, Apollyon, Destruction, the Destroyer, Hell, the Grave, Sheol, and Hades. He is the angel who has dominion over the place of the dead (hell, sheol, hades). He previously was cast out of heaven and is currently in the bottomless pit (hell) where he will remain until he is released by the Devil upon the Devil's being cast from heaven approximately 42 months before the coming of the kingdom of God. He will be cast alive into the lake of fire along with the Devil at the end of the 1000 years.


INTERESTING COROLLARIES

Lastly, there are two corollaries to the findings of the study above that are worth noting.

First, Revelation 6:8's opening of the fourth seal describes the same event (or series of events) that are described in Revelation 9:1-11, Revelation 12:7-14, and Revelation 17:8-11. All these passages provide us with a different perspective or some additional information regarding the Devil's being cast from heaven and his releasing Abaddon from the bottomless pit.

Secondly, we have a more detailed explanation for why it is that Christians don't go to hell, but still die. The reason for this is that Abaddon, the angel with dominion over hell has been cast down from heaven and has lost some of his authority through the atoning work of Jesus Christ. Thus, those who die in the Lord no longer go to the place of the righteous dead in Sheol or Hades (referred to in the Bible as Abraham's bosom or Paradise - Luke 16:20-23, Luke 23:43), but instead are now present with the Lord in heaven (2 Corinthians 5:8).

In short, Christians don't go to hell because Abaddon, the angel with dominion over hell has lost his authority over them because of Jesus' atoning work. But we still die, because, the Devil, the angel with dominion over death, has yet to be cast out of heaven, bound in the bottomless pit (hell), and has not yet lost his authority and been brought into submission to Jesus Christ. Though his defeat has already been accomplished by Christ, he retains his authority until the appointed time when Jesus will come to reign on earth over the kingdom of God. Thus, for now Christians still die, but when this occurs they will be resurrected when the Devil is cast from heaven and finally bound in the bottomless pit (hell) at the coming of the kingdom of God. Or as Paul declares when speaking of the resurrection and rapture of the righteous in 1 Corinthians 15:54 "Death is swallowed up in victory."