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Liberty in Christ
the Law, and the 10 Commandments
in Christ: Extended Introduction
Liberty in Christ: Introduction
and New Testament Survey
for Liberty in Christ
the Law, and the 10 Commandments
of the Law of Liberty
and Yet Prohibition
Pagan Practices in the Old Testament
is Observing Times?
Bondage, and Righteousness
and Meat Sacrificed to Idols
and 1 Corinthians 8
1 Corinthians 10, and Idolatry
1 Corinthians 10, and Your Neighbor
and Practical Applications
Romans 14, the Conscience, and Morality
second of our threefold conclusions about what it means to
have "liberty in Christ" was that "in Christ" we are "at liberty"
from the vast majority of the Law of Moses, BUT NOT all of
the Law of Moses. As we will now demonstrate, the new law
of liberty did incorporate the moral aspects of the Law of
Moses. Or to be more precise, the law of liberty included
obedience to the famous 10 Commandments.
It is easy enough to establish that the New Testament authors
considered the 10 Commandments to be still binding on Christians.
The 10 Commandment are recorded first in Exodus. For comparison,
the 10 Commandments given by Moses are:
1. Thou shalt have no other gods BEFORE God.
2. Thou shalt not make idols or serve them.
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord God in
4. Thou shalt keep the Sabbath.
5. Thou shalt honor thy father and mother.
6. Thou shalt not murder.
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
8. Thou shalt not steal.
9. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
10. Thou shalt not covet.
Now, let's see how many of these commandments the New Testament
writers upheld as binding for Christians.
1. Acts 15:5-6,19-20,23,29 and 21:25 - idolatry is
forbidden by the Jerusalem Council.
2. Ephesians 6:1-3 - Paul upholds the command to obey
parents, referring specifically back to the 10 Commandments.
3. 1 Corinthians 5:10-11 and 6:9 - Paul forbids fornication,
coveting, and idolatry.
4. 1 Corinthians 10:7,14 - Paul forbids idolatry.
5. Ephesians 5:5 - Paul forbids idolatry.
6. Galatians 5:19 - Paul forbids adultery and fornication.
7. Revelation 21:8 and 22:15 - John condemns those
who practice murder, sorcery, idolatry, lying.
8. Ephesians 4:28 - Paul forbids stealing.
9. 2 Peter 2:4 - Peter condemns adultery and covetousness.
10. James 2:7 - James condemns blaspheming the name
of Jesus Christ.
Out of the original 10 Commandments given by Moses, the New
Testament still upholds the commands regarding 1) idolatry
(which covers the first 2 commands), 2) coveting, 3) stealing,
4) murder, 5) lying, 6) honoring our parents, 7) taking the
Lord's name in vain, and 8) adultery. The only 1 of the 10
commandment that was not upheld as binding on Christians is
the commandment regarding keeping the Sabbath.
Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you
in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of
the new moon, or of the sabbath days:
Colossians 2:16 demonstrates that Christians were free to
practice Jewish Holy Days including Sabbaths. However, Romans
14, particularly verses 5 and 6, demonstrates that Christians
were not to condemn each other for whether or not they kept
these Jewish Holy Days including the Sabbath.
Romans 14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another:
another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully
persuaded in his own mind. 6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth
it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to
the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth
to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth
not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
...13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more:
but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or
an occasion to fall in his brother's way.
Therefore, it is clear that the New Testament upheld all but
1 of the 10 Commandments as binding on Christians. Yet, the
New Testament also clearly upheld that Christians were free
from the Law of Moses. This is perhaps most clearly articulated
in Hebrews 7:12,17-19, 8:6-9,12-13, 9:15-16, 10:9-10,16-17.
Hebrews 7:12 For the priesthood being changed, there
is made of necessity a change also of the law.
Hebrews 7:17 For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for
ever after the order of Melchisedec. 18 For there is verily
a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness
and unprofitableness thereof.
Hebrews 8:7 For if that first covenant had been
faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
Hebrews 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he
hath made the first old.
Hebrews 10:9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will,
O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish
The priests of the Old Covenant were the Levites. But in the
New Covenant, Jesus was the high priest. Not only was he of
a different tribe, the tribe of Judah, but also he was of
a different order of priest, the order of Melchizedek. Thus,
as the author of Hebrews states, "For the priesthood being
changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law."
From Hebrews we can see that the death of Christ established
the New Covenant and, in turn, the establishment of the New
Covenant "disannulled" the Old Covenant and made it obsolete.
In short, Jesus replaced the Old Covenant with the New Covenant.
So, if the Law of Moses was no longer in effect, how was it
that Christians were still obligated to observe 9 out of the