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Welcome to the resource side of our website. Here you will find more than 400 links to studies in a wide variety of doctrinal topic areas. These studies are intended to be comprehensive and to relate a step-by-step, reasonable analysis delving deeply into the scriptural texts. (We also offer video and audio presentations of some studies.)

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October 12, 2019

Who are the Beast and the False Prophet?

The books of Daniel and Revelation use symbolic imagery to depict end-times figures and events. Perhaps the most intriguing figures they discuss are “the beast,” “the False Prophet,” and “Mystery Babylon.” Some of the more common views that have been adopted over the centuries include identifying the False Prophet with the pope or identifying Islam as the empire of the beast or as Mystery Babylon. Others have identified the former Soviet Union or the European Union as the empire of the beast. How are we to understand these important prophetic symbols? How do we evaluate differing interpretations and identifications of the symbols? Is the False Prophet to be understood as the head of a worldwide religious institution like the Catholic Church? Will the beast’s empire be European, Russian, Islamic, or something else?

For more information on
the interpretation and identification of end times prophetic symbols, please see our:

Prophetic Symbols Study

Q:I'm new here. Where should I get started?
The arrangement of topics to the left provides a recommended reading order. It is designed to reflect a step-by-step progression from more basic topics to more complex ones. However, it is not necessary to follow this order. Those who are more familiar with certain topics may easily read whichever studies are of interest without first going through all of the earlier topics in the list.

systematic theology:
a reading guide

logical fallacies
a list of false